Publications

The IPH who founded the work group  publishes current research results from tool- and mold-making on a regular basis.

Our latest publications:

To be able to forge undercut parts there is a need for an appropriate multidirectional forging tool. The main issue is the high required clamp force the tool must endure. Therefore two versions of the tool were designed. They differ in the closing mechanism for upper and lower die: one is form-fit, the other one is force-fit. An analyzation reveals that the force-fit version is more advantageous.

tool, design, forging, undercut, multidirectional

Considering production planning and control, lot sizing is a very important task. Lot sizes are usually resorted to lot size dependent order and storage costs. However, models for lot sizes ignore the aspect of lot size dependent maintenance costs. For forging companies the tool wear has a great economic importance, because the tooling costs represents a major factor in production costs.

production planning and control, lot sizing, process stability

The lecture presents a method for the automated design and calculation of progressive dies. The basis is an automated CAD modeling of progressive dies. From the created CAD models characteristics are derived, which are used as input parameters for prediction models to predict the tool costs.

tool making, quotation costing, data mining, prediction

Many companies can or must reduce energy consumption in their production. The Institut für Integrierte Produktion Hannover (IPH) has developed procedures and a formula with which companies can improve the energy balance. At the same time the quality of products can be increased by this approach.

process management software, quality costs, reliability engineering

The companies in the tool making industry are exposed to a high intensity of competition. To get customer orders, they have to prepare reliable quotes in a short time. The available rudimental and partially incomplete information about the tool is of limited suitability for a reliable estimation of manufacturing costs. This thesis aims to support the tool making companies with tender preparation through a method of feature-based estimation of manufacturing costs. Essential basis forms a digital representation of the tool, which is generated by an automated CAD model building using technical guidelines. The method is implemented in the form of an expert system. The cost estimation is done, firstly, by determining the costs for machining by an analytical method based on the CAD model. Second, the costs for manufacturing processes are determined by means of a data mining based method by features derived from the CAD model and serve as inputs for prediction models. Using practical examples, the application of the expert system is described in practice and the method is evaluated. Thereby the practical applicability and limitations of the method are shown.

tool making, tool shop, quotation costing, data mining, expert system

The method of injection molding is one of the most important processes in the processing of plastics. Thus moldings can be produced economically in large quantities and with a high reproducibility. Besides quality the energy consumption in the production is an important part because of the energy transition and the rising energy prices. In particular, small and medium enterprises from the plastics processing industry in Germany with about 3,000 companies are, therefore, forced to optimize their processes and production equipment energetically.

injection molding, plastics processing, energy optimization, parameter optimization, energy model

Compliance with punctual delivery under the high pressure of costs can be implemented in the forge industry through the optimization of the in-house tool supply. Within the Transfer Project 13 of the Special Research Department 489, a mathematical model was developed which determines the minimum inventory of forging tools required for the production, considering the tool appropriation delay.

production planning and -steering, production management, tool inventory reduction, servicelevel, fo

Forging companies are often suppliers of the automotive industry, which has, by the implemented principles of Just-In-Time production, particularly high demands on the logistics performance of their suppliers. Moreover, the cost pressure in this industry is very high, so forging companies are striving to minimize their logistics costs. One of the factors influencing these logistics costs is the amount tools in a company’s tool inventory. Since the tooling costs have a high percentage of the product costs, strategic positioning between logistics performance and costs in the forging industry holds great potential. However, while a too low number of tools may cause delays in production and more frequent setting-ups caused by division of production lots and a concomitant increase of setting-up times of up to 30%, a possible consequence of too high tool inventories is the increase of process uncertainty by a prolonged and more stray tool circuit pass-through time. A structured approach to the positioning of the tool supply between logistics performance and costs is presented.

production planning and -steering, production management, tool inventory reduction, servicelevel, fo

There is a high potential for optimization in positioning a forging company’s tool supply between logistic costs and performance. Based on a model, which was developed for the improvement of the internal tool supply in the transfer project T13 of the CRC 489, a controlling instrument has been deduced to relate the weighted service level and the stock of the tool supply cycle.

production planning and -steering, production management, tool inventory reduction, servicelevel, fo

Through the use of cooling systems in injection molding, the reduction of cycle time and increasing the quality of molded parts is desired. New manufacturing processes such as selective laser melting enable the layered structure of cooling systems and allow the free design of cooling systems which is close to the part geometry. With these form-fitting cooling systems, for example, the tempering cycle times can be reduced further. However, the degree of freedom in the design of cooling circuits increases with the new production method, which makes the manual design difficult and extends the simulation times. Automated design methods of conformal cooling systems based on geometric and process parameters are currently not available. An innovative software helps by constructing close-contoured channels and reducing the cycle time with minimized engineering effort.

injection molding, conformal cooling systems, design, nature-inspired algorithms

The overall objective of the project was to develop a method for the automated CAD modeling and costing of progressive dies. The method should firstly enable the automated creation of a CAD model of the tool based on a strip layout. The tools should be modularized and the interactions of the modules to the tool design are described in rules. The rules should then enable the automated CAD modeling. Secondly, a link of CAD models with automated costing and monitoring should be done. Basis of the costing and monitoring were the CAD models of the tool and the established standard processes in the tool production.

artificial intelligence, tool and die industry, determination of manufacturing costs, CAD-automation

This paper presents the development of methods and rules for an automated CAD model building and cost calculation of tools. Starting with the strip layout of the product to be manufactured, tool models are configured and their components linked to production processes and cost data. By using artificial intelligence algorithms, the experience of the employees is taken into account for tender preparation.

tool making, tool shop, quotation costing, data mining, expert system

The aim is the development of a function-based method to support the planning of offerings in injection molding. It is assumed that tools and shapes are unique items, but the tools’ functions are recurrent. Possible post-calculations are captured and can be used better for the calculation of offerings via the function-based calculation. Methods of similarity search assist in prediction and precise determination of manufacturing expense of a tool. In order of the validation of the concept by real data the software-demonstrator is linked to existent post-calculation tools and transferred conceptually to further unique products.

function-based method, tender preparation, injection molding

Still profitability and quality are decisive competitive factors in production business. Therefore injection molding faces the challenge to produce valuable parts with constant quality at a lower cost. An innovative software for automatic and close-contoured construction of cooling channels supports that by use of artificial intelligence developed by the IPH – Institute for integrated Production Hannover gGmbH together with several companies.

profitability and quality, injection molding, close-contoured construction of cooling channels

Still profitability and quality are decisive competitive factors in production business. Therefore injection molding faces the challenge to produce valuable parts with constant quality at a lower cost. An innovative software helps by constructing close-contoured channels and reducing the cycle time with minimized engineering effort.

profitability and quality, injection molding, close-contoured construction of cooling channels

The quality of molded products and production cycle times are influenced by mold temperature control systems. Today experienced technical designers are developing form-fitting temperature control systems manually. Afterwards they analyzes the systems in iterative and experimental simulations. Here, a method for automatic design of mold temperature control systems is presented. The method uses nature-inspired algorithms, which improve the economical benefit of the construction process and the injection molding process.

injection molding, conformal cooling systems, design, nature-inspired algorithms

Economic efficiency and quality are both deciding competitive factors for companies with a production of industrial goods. To produce and deliver parts of a steady high-quality and simultaneously at low costs is a big challenge. An example is the industrial sector of injection moulding. A new software provides help by constructing canals closer to the surface. Therefore the quality of the parts increases and the cycle time decreases. Beyond this the effort for the constructor is optimized.

injection moulding, temperature mangement, software deveopment

Function based structures for cost estimating. The complexity and the unique character of tool and mould constructions are the reasons why the calculation during the offer phase of the moulds and tools are using customer requirements and insufficient product information as a basis. For this purpose an increasing number of commercial software packages are used. Nevertheless, the support for the calculation is still inadequate. The IPH develops a method which allows a precise, transparent and with little effort achievable estimation for an offer on the basis of tool functions and the knowledge about already produced tools in a company.

function-based method, tender preparation, injection molding

During the utilization phase, sheet fabricating tools cause up to 70% of their own life cycle costs. In general, they may now be procured only on the basis of their purchase price. IPH - Institute of Integrated Production Hannover gGmbH has developed a method which can predict and consider the life cycle costs based on knowledge of these tools during the planning process.

calculation, life cycle costs, tool manufacturing

The lecture introduced IPH – Institut für Integrierte Produktion Hannover gGmbH with its three fields of activity: forming technology, logistics and automation technology. Furthermore, research and consulting projects were discussed. In addition, forecasting methods regarding the life-cycle costs of tools and moulds were presented as a major focus of current research.

research and development, life-cycle costs, tool and mould making

You can find more of IPH's publications here: www.iph-hannover.de/en/research/publications.